Boletim dos Obreiros

The preaching of the Word and Human wisdom

1 Corinthians 2: 1-9

(NOTE: This is a computer translation which needs editing).

 It is notorious the fact of sharp concern in the current Office of the Ministry of the word predicatório with the involvement of intellectualism and theological support of human wisdom, framed with oratorical skills technically personal fetched. Do not disregard the natural concern qualify personally as well, with the resources that God puts in our power, in practice this precious Ministry, which should be adopted with much humility, but without prejudice to the spiritual values that involve this Ministry properly. The text of this chronicle brings up serious considerations on the subject, at the Exhibitor's own example worthy of respect, the Apostle Paul.

Paul preached the Gospel in a simple way. But precisely because his preaching had that feature the results demonstrated so convincingly, the power of God.

1. in verses 1 and 2, we note its concern be faithful in acting predicatória:

a) Preserving themselves for not supporting the preaching in his intellectual prowess: "I did with ostentation, or language of wisdom" (v. 1). The expression "I" ("koigo") shows that he was living example of the fact that it exposed. But Paul did not want "ostentation", that is, to show their "superiority" or "preeminence" both concerned the language (the way it exposed the facts), how about the wisdom (the way your mind commanding the exhibition thereof). Your message is told by him as "testimony of God". In the New Testament the preaching of the Gospel is often seen as a "Herald". Is the transmission of a message given, including the Act of giving testimony of fact data. Is bear witness of what God in Christ has done for the salvation of man. Preachers shouldn't be just speakers, but witnesses. The expression "testimony" signified, the operation of the knowledge of God in the life of the Apostle Paul himself. Some manuscripts use the word "mysteries of God". The word "mystery" in the New Testament have the sense of something being revealed, not something that mystifies us. In this sense the teaching of Paul is that God reveals himself to those who approach him in Christ. The knowledge of God is therefore "mysterious" in the sense that the natural man, acting by their own colleges, cannot receive him (v. 14).

b) focusing on dealing with the crucifixion of Jesus Christ: the crucifixion is the heart of the Gospel (v 2). In Galatians, Paul 6:14 reaffirms that its essential predicatória attitude, when he writes: "But God forbid that I should boast except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I to the world."

2. in verses 3 and 4, Paul discusses some aspects of their personal condition in contrast with the effectiveness of his word predicatória. When he arrived in Corinth, his State of mind was not of the best. Paul came to Corinth after a daunting experience in Athens and was eager for the believers in Thessalonica (acts 17). The overwhelming impiety of the city of Corinth, undoubtedly contributed to her anxiety. His fear reflects the "anguished desire to fulfill his duty." The expressions "word" and "preaching" include both the exhibit and the content of the exhibition. The two terms are employed to emphasize both the message he preached as the mode by which preached. The expression "persuasive" is a very rare word translation (only appears here) and refers to the ineffectiveness of rational arguments, orations, psychological pressure, emotionalism etc. Conviction based solely on rational arguments is at the mercy of best arguments, although necessary to capture the ears of the unbeliever (acts 17: 2.17; 18:28; 1 Peter 3:15). Paul avoids the methods of human wisdom, to assert, in contrast, that his preaching outside "a demonstration of the spirit and of power". The expression "demonstration" (apodaxis = gr) means "more rigorous" proof. The "conclusion" is not only logical, but certainly true, because based on true premises. So his precarious personal condition was irrelevant. The result depended on him or how they felt personally, but the manifestation of the power of the spirit. In contrast, the weakness of Paul was in fact an aid so that the power of the spirit is demonstrated (2 Corinthians 12: 9), contrary to all expectation of Corinthians, who did not understand a preacher without oratory.

3. in verse 5, he makes it clear that the reason that your correct procedure predicatório, was to avoid that the Corinthians were brought to exalts him instead of God. Paul wanted to justify the faith of believers in the divine power and make them independent of human wisdom.

4. in verses 6 to 9, Paul demonstrates the relationship of the Gospel with the wisdom of God. He emphasizes the contrast between the depth and dignity of the Gospel with human wisdom, for he embodies the wisdom of God, before which all human wisdom fades.

the) in verse 6, Paul speaks of the things of God to those who are of God. True wisdom comes from God, all of its contents it is derived (job 28: 28 ... "the fear of God is wisdom"). Already the human wisdom has numerous starting points and, also, various content, so that in it there is no drive. The expression "experienced" (teleioi = gr) means "perfect" and is a term applied in the New Testament regarding the believer, as a new creature, which, in the eyes of God participates in the "perfection" in Christ. Does not imply "impeccability" while in the flesh (1 John 1: 8). In Christ the believer has the experience of ultimate realities. Paul persists that the wisdom of that speech is not "wisdom of this century" or the "mighty this season", referring not to demons, but temporal authorities, and Jewish remanas (acts 3:17; Marcos 1:24 .34). The expression "to reduce to nothing" contrasts the truth of the Gospel, which is permanent, with the transience of human wisdom. The verb "kartageo = gr" (1:28) has the meaning that the mentioned powerful are completely inefficient. Their vain power and their precarious wisdom become nothing and absolutely harmless.

b) in verses 7 to 9, it presents some characteristics of the "wisdom of God":

I) is from God -is the very word of God manifests itself. Has no human origin

II) is mystery revealed -A hidden truth before, now revealed by God and accept by faith alone. The word "misterion = gr", does not have the character of a mystery or puzzle that man finds it difficult to solve, but a secret that the man is totally unable to penetrate. A secret that now God revealed. But the term also implies the impossibility that the man has to know the secret of God and the love of God that makes this secret known to man. Paul says "formerly hidden", accentuating the fact that men who are not in Christ are still in the dark about this secret.

III) is preordenada by God -the Gospel is not an incidental idea in the mind of God, but thing planned and ordered from eternity (literally "before the ages"). The Greek verb "proorizo" means "preordenar". This emphasises God's plan and God's wisdom.

IV) results in glorification of God's people -from eternity God took interest in our well-being and planned the Gospel to reach our glory, lost because of sin (Romans 3:23). This physical transformation means glory, moral perfection and their future participation as co-heirs (Romans 8:17 -30).

V) is unknown by those who are not saved (v. 8)-the secret of God was not known for any other kind of revelation. Throughout his Eminence the powerful of this century do not knew, leading the crucificarem the Lord Jesus Christ: "they know not what they do" (Luke 23:24). If they had really understood who was Christ and the enormity and consequently dismiss it, would never have practiced the Act that practiced. The expression "the Lord of glory" is a preeminent and unusual title. Here is the only place that is applied to Christ, though in James 2: 1 there is something similar. The epithet of "Glory" is applied to the parent (acts 7: 2; Ephesians 1:17).

VI) is applied to the Christian life (v. 9)-the text here does not match exactly to what Paul would have quoted. The expression "kathos gegraptai = gr" is employed by Paul quoting Scripture, but does not match any passage from the old testament that says exactly the same thing. The passage closely is in Isaiah 64: 4. It may have been an adaptation made by Paul. Some suggest, yet, Isaiah 65: 17 and 52: 15. Paul applied the text to the Church. Our future is secure in Jesus Christ, regardless of the circumstances. God's plans are so wonderful for people who have difficulty in reaching them with our understanding through the capabilities that integrate our personality (eyes, ears or understanding). Not caught up with them the exact idea of the wonderful things that God has prepared for those who love him (Romans 8:28). The expression "has prepared" strengthens the thought of verse 7, that God is putting into execution his plan. The glories that come to the believers will not come by chance, but are in harmony with God's plan since ancient times.

 Conclusion: Learn and apply this precious lesson from Paul, subsidized with its own ministerial predicatório example, will bring countless benefits in effectiveness of the preaching of the word today.